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What Causes Acne and How to Treat It

What Causes Acne and How to Treat It

Your skin is your body's largest organ, and just like the rest of your organs, it's susceptible to a variety of issues and ailments. One of the most common skin problems people experience is acne, which occurs when the pores in our skin can become blocked by sebum, bacteria, dead skin cells, and other debris. This condition leads to the appearance of pimples, blackheads, and blemishes that occur not only on the face but on any part of the body where there are hair follicles and sebaceous glands, including the chest, shoulder, and back.

Acne is among the most common skin disorders, affecting up to 10% of people worldwide. While it is mainly associated with adolescents and young adults, acne is not limited to any age group and can occur at any time in a person's adult life. If left untreated, acne can be more than just a cosmetic issue, as it can lead to physical and emotional scarring and low self-esteem.

If you get acne, it doesn't mean you're dirty or don't take care of your skin. Many different factors can contribute to the development of acne. The good news is that there are also many ways and products to treat acne in safe and natural ways to reduce or eliminate breakouts and minimize your chances of scarring.

But first, let's talk about what might be causing your acne.

What Causes Acne?

As we mentioned before, acne occurs when your pores become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. Over time, the accumulation of oil and cells can form a plug that allows bacteria to grow. When the bacteria grows, it causes inflammation and redness.

Depending on the severity of your acne, you may also experience whiteheads, blackheads, or cysts. Whiteheads and blackheads are considered milder forms of acne, while cysts are more severe.

Several different factors can contribute to the development of acne. Genetics also plays a role, as does your diet, skincare routine, and hormones. Let's take a closer look at each of these factors.

Most Common Causes of Acne in Adults

So, what is the root cause of acne? There is no one answer to this question because, unfortunately, there is no one cause of acne. However, some things can increase your chances of developing acne or making it worse.


Many people experience an increase in breakouts around puberty due to the hormonal changes that occur during this time. For women, hormone fluctuations during menstruation can also trigger breakouts.

Skincare Products

Using the wrong skincare products can also cause breakouts. If you're using products that are too harsh for your skin, they can strip away its natural oils, leading to dryness, irritation, and, eventually, breakouts.


Stress can cause all sorts of problems in the body, and one of those is acne. When you're stressed, your body produces more of the hormone cortisol, which can lead to increased oil production and clogged pores.


Eating certain foods can also contribute to breakouts. Foods that are high in sugar or simple carbs can cause spikes in insulin levels, leading to inflammation and triggering breakouts. Dairy products and foods that are high in saturated fats can also worsen acne.


If you have a family history of acne, you're more likely to suffer from it yourself. However, this doesn't mean you're doomed to a lifetime of breakouts. There are things you can do to help manage your acne.

Any of these causes can lead to acne. If you're struggling with breakouts, it's important to figure out what might be causing them to make sure you're using the right skincare products and treatment methods.

How Can You Treat Acne at Home?

While acne is a complex issue that requires the help of a dermatologist in severe cases, there are things you can do at home to help manage your breakouts. Here are a few things you can do to help clear up your acne.

Wash Your Face Twice a Day

Cleaning your face twice daily is essential for keeping your skin clean and clear. Cleanse your face twice a day with a gentle cleanser. Avoid harsh scrubs or exfoliants, which can irritate your skin and make breakouts worse.

Switch to Natural Skincare

Make sure you're using the right skincare routine products. Look for products that are made with natural ingredients proven to nourish and hydrate your skin. An excellent place to start is Muddy Body, which offers natural detox clay masks, hydrating toners for acne-prone skin, exfoliating cleansers for dead skin, and other products formulated for healthier, acne-free skin.

Try Home Remedies

You can also try some home remedies to help clear up your acne. For example, some people find that applying tea tree oil or aloe vera gel to their skin helps to soothe irritation and reduce breakouts. 

Healthier Daily Habits

Make sure you're getting enough sleep and managing stress levels. These can aggravate acne. Avoid foods that trigger breakouts, such as dairy products and fried foods. Avoid picking at your skin, which can lead to scarring.

When to See a Dermatologist

If you follow these tips, you should see a reduction in your acne breakouts. However, if your acne is still severe, you may need to consult a dermatologist for further treatment options. They may recommend prescription options, such as topical retinoids or antibiotics. Treatments like chemical peels or light therapy may be the best option in more severe cases.


Regardless of age, acne is a common and frustrating skin condition, but there are ways to treat it. By understanding what might be causing your acne and making simple lifestyle changes, you can get your skin looking and feeling its best. Don't let acne run your life--there are ways to get it under control. With a little effort, you can have the clear skin you've always wanted.


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